Annazids or Banu Annaz were a Kurdish dynasty whose territory located on the current border between Iran and Iraq. Their area of rule roughly covered that of their predecessors the Kurdish Hasanwayhid Dynasty.
The Name of the Dynasty
According to the historian Ibn al-Athir, the name ‘Annâz derives from ‘anz (عنز: goat) and refers to the goat farmer (or owner, merchant).
Sharaf Khan and the Persian historian Mustawfi used the name Banû ‘Ayyâr which is also the version preferred by several contemporary Kurdish historians. This view is based on the fact that unlike the word “anz”, Ayyar has been found in Kurdish language.
Ayyar عيار the loanword from Arabic ended up in the iranic languages and may refer to “smart, shrewd” or more commonly “a member of warrior class”.
Abul-Fath Mohammad bin Annaz who reigned between 990 and 1011 was the founder of the dynasty and ruler of Hulwan. Political rivalry during his twenty-year reign resulted in military conflicts with the powerful Arabian clans of Banu Uqayl and Banu Mazyad in the west, as well as a battle with Zahman bin Hendi the lord of Khanaqin whom he overthrew. In the east, he had a rivalry with the Hasanwayhid Kurds who were his relatives through marriages. In year 1006, Badr bin Hasanuya supported by Abul-Hassan Ali bin Mazyad, sent a 10,000-strong military force against Abul-Fath. This campaign forced Abul-Fath to seek refuge with the Buyid vizier, Amid-al-Joyus Abu Ali Hassan bin Abi Jafar in Baghdad. He declared himself a Hasanwayhid vassal in a treaty concluded that year between the two Kurdish dynasties.
|Abul-Fath Muhammad bin Annaz||991–1011||Founder of the dynasty|
|Husam al-Dawla Abu'l Shawk Faris ibn Muhammad||1011-1046||Hulwan|
|Muhalhil ibn Muhammad||1011-1055||Shahrizor|
|Surkhab I. ibn Muhammad||1011-1046||Bandanijin|
|Sa'idi ibn Faris||1050-1055|
|Surkhab II. ibn Badr||? -1107|
|Abu Mansur ibn Surkhab||1107-?|
|Surkhab III. ibn Annaz||1100s|