Annazids or Banu Annaz were a Kurdish dynasty whose territory located on the current border between Iran and Iraq. Their area of rule roughly covered that of their predecessors the Kurdish Hasanwayhid Dynasty.
The Name of the Dynasty
According to the historian Ibn al-Athir, the name ‘Annâz derives from ‘anz (عنز: goat) and refers to the goat farmer (or owner, merchant).
Sharaf Khan and the Persian historian Mustawfi used the name Banû ‘Ayyâr which is also the version preferred by several contemporary Kurdish historians. This view is based on the fact that unlike the word “anz”, Ayyar has been found in Kurdish language.
Ayyar عيار the loanword from Arabic ended up in the iranic languages and may refer to “adjusted, compliant” or more commonly “a member of warrior class”.
|Abul-Fath Muhammad bin Annaz||991–1011||Founder of the dynasty|
|Husam al-Dawla Abu'l Shawk Faris ibn Muhammad||1011-1046||Hulwan|
|Muhalhil ibn Muhammad||1011-1055||Shahrizor|
|Surkhab I. ibn Muhammad||1011-1046||Bandanijin|
|Sa'idi ibn Faris||1050-1055|
|Surkhab II. ibn Badr||? -1107|
|Abu Mansur ibn Surkhab||1107-?|
|Surkhab III. ibn Annaz||1100s|