Annazids

Annazids or Banu Annaz were a Kurdish[][] dynasty whose territory located on the current border between Iran and Iraq. Their area of rule roughly covered that of their predecessors the Kurdish Hasanwayhid Dynasty.

The Name of the Dynasty

According to the historian Ibn al-Athir, the name ‘Annâz derives from ‘anz (عنز: goat) and refers to the goat farmer (or owner, merchant).

Sharaf Khan and the Persian historian Mustawfi used the name Banû ‘Ayyâr which is also the version preferred by several contemporary Kurdish historians. This view is based on the fact that unlike the word “anz”, Ayyar has been found in Kurdish language.

Ayyar عيار‎ the loanword from Arabic ended up in the iranic languages and may refer to “smart, shrewd” or more commonly “a member of warrior class”[].

History

Abul-Fath Mohammad bin Annaz who reigned between 990 and 1011 was the founder of the dynasty and ruler of Hulwan. Political rivalry during his twenty-year reign resulted in military conflicts with the powerful Arabian clans of Banu Uqayl and Banu Mazyad in the west, as well as a battle with Zahman bin Hendi the lord of Khanaqin whom he overthrew. In the east, he had a rivalry with the Hasanwayhid Kurds who were his relatives through marriages. In year 1006, Badr bin Hasanuya supported by Abul-Hassan Ali bin Mazyad, sent a 10,000-strong military force against Abul-Fath. This campaign forced Abul-Fath to seek refuge with the Buyid vizier, Amid-al-Joyus Abu Ali Hassan bin Abi Jafar in Baghdad. He declared himself a Hasanwayhid vassal in a treaty concluded that year between the two Kurdish dynasties.

Annazid Rulers

RulerReignNotes
Abul-Fath Muhammad bin Annaz991–1011Founder of the dynasty
Husam al-Dawla Abu'l Shawk Faris ibn Muhammad1011-1046Hulwan
Muhalhil ibn Muhammad1011-1055Shahrizor
Surkhab I. ibn Muhammad1011-1046Bandanijin
Sa'idi ibn Faris1050-1055
Surkhab II. ibn Badr? -1107
Abu Mansur ibn Surkhab1107-?
Surkhab III. ibn Annaz1100s

References

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Related Pages

KURDISH HISTORY | KURDISH STATES IN HISTORY